Terrorism just like insurgency, instability, and transnational organized crime are irregular threats. Irregular threats typically occur in weak, unregulated, and lawless areas. Irregular threats never manifest in the same manner; change, morph, and evolve when they do manifest; spill over into one another; are enmeshed in the population; challenge states for legitimacy and influence over populations; and are usually extremely violent and deadly. Plus, irregular threats are time consuming resource intensive endeavors that are best mitigated with indirect approaches,as compared to direct or kinetic approaches. This is because indirect approaches are more effective and last longer.
Because of these complexities, a polythetic approach is used to identify and asses irregular threats. A polythetic classification system does not require all of the characteristics of irregular threats to be present to classify an irregular threat as an irregular threat. Only some of the conditions are needed to meet the defining requirements. As compared, a monothetic classification system require all of the characteristics to be present. A polythetic approach views the defining features of an irregular threat on a continuum or within a range of activities. Some times intensity thresholds, size determinations, violence indicators, social perceptions, and the duration of an irregular threat are incorporated into the conceptualize range for assessment and comparison purposes.
Just as intelligence is theorized as having multi theories, so too do irregular thretas.
Author, project coordinator, Intel analyst, curriculum/training developer, lessons learned coordinator, site lead, Anti Money-laundering Specialist, technical trainer & leader. Master's degree in psych and three graduate level certificates (Strategic Intelligence-targeting, Anti Money-laundering & Counter Terrorist Financing, and Anti-terrorism).
Richard J. Campbell served in the US Army for over 20-yrs. He was assigned to the 2nd 75th INF Ranger Battalion at Fort Lewis WA (7-yrs) and was a Team Lead at the JFK Special Warfare Center at Fort Bragg NC (5-yrs). He retired in 1995 as an Operations NCO for a Command Group. Next, he completed a BA and MA in psychology and worked on in-patient psychiatric wards as a member of a multidisciplinary psychiatric treatment team (7-yrs).
In 2005 he began working on the Iraq-Kuwait border as Observer/Controller and training developer (5-yrs) and developed, taught, and assessed Search and Site Exploitation related topics.During that time he published a book titled Asymmetric Tactical Training. In 2010 he began acting as the Curriculum Developer, Lessons Learned Coordinator, and Site-lead at The NATO Counterinsurgency Training Center in Kabul Afghanistan (CTC-A) (2-yrs). Since then has developed a online course-ware set in response to the 2015 DOD Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office Broad Agency Announcement, worked at the USMC Small War Center and Irregular Warfare Integration Div. in VA, and published several articles. He is currently in SE Asia developing training content for AML/CTF.
A portion of his articles can be viewed on the Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance (JCISFA) website within the Community of Interest page. Another portion of his work can be purchased via the Amazon.com Kindle Book Store.